The function of the eye is to see clearly the objects around us. The inability of the eye to accurately focus the rays of light coming from distance on the retina is called "Refractive Error". This condition may be either because the eye is too short or long in length, or because the cornea or lens does not have the required refractive power.
Like a camera, the human eye must be properly focused to see an image clearly. If light does not bend or refract correctly and focus directly on the retina, the result is blurred vision, or a refractive error.
The four most common refractive errors are:
It is possible to have more than one refractive error, such as having both myopia and astigmatism
The refractive errors may be treated by either of the following ways:
Conventional LASIK (Laser Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis) can correct short sight, long sight and astigmatism, accounting for around 95 per cent of refractive error. Wavefront LASIK tackles the remaining 5 per cent of defects and many consider that it offers better results. PRK and LASEK are alternatives - the recovery period is longer than for LASIK, but might be safer if your cornea is relatively thin.
LASIK, or laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis, combines delicate surgical procedures and laser treatment. First, we surgically create a "flap" of corneal tissue less than a third the thickness of a human hair, and lift the flap to one side. We then apply laser energy to reshape the cornea according to carefully calculated measurements. When treating nearsightedness, we use the laser to decrease the cornea's relative curvature. When treating farsightedness, we increase the cornea's relative curvature. We then reposition the corneal flap. A naturally-adhering bandage, the flap helps to improve results and speed recovery. LASIK may be used for nearsightedness, nearsightedness plus astigmatism, farsightedness, and farsightedness plus astigmatism
In PRK, or photorefractive keratectomy, we apply the laser directly to the cornea according to carefully calculated measurements, without creating a flap. For nearsightedness, we decrease the relative curvature; for farsightedness we increase the relative curvature. At the conclusion of the procedure we place a transparent "bandage" contact lens over the cornea to promote healing. PRK is presently used to treat nearsightedness, nearsightedness plus astigmatism, farsightedness, and farsightedness plus astigmatism.
In LASEK, or laser epithelial keratomileusis, alcohol is used to separate the outermost layer of the cornea to create and move aside a sheet of cells, a third the thickness of a LASIK flap (see "The LASIK treatment"). We then apply the laser to reshape the cornea. For nearsightedness we decrease the relative curvature; for farsightedness we increase the relative curvature. At the conclusion of the procedure we replace the sheet of cells and cover the cornea with a transparent "bandage" contact lens to promote healing. LASEK is presently used to treat nearsightedness, nearsightedness plus astigmatism, farsightedness, and farsightedness plus astigmatism. LASEK is reserved for patients who have thin corneas, are at risk of occupational damage to the eye, are reluctant to have a LASIK flap, or have corneal disease that precludes the LASIK procedure.
Complications occur in less than 5 per cent of cases, but make sure your consultant outlines all the risks. Flap complications with LASIK arise in 0-4 per cent of cases, but can usually be corrected with little or no loss of vision. Some people have a problem with dry eyes in the months after surgery and artificial tear supplements might be needed in the long term. Many patients have experienced glare or halo effects when night driving, particularly just after treatment. This is more likely in cases of higher correction that has been made, but is rarely severe. In rare cases, excessive thinning of the eye wall can cause the shape of the eye to be unstable after treatment. Severe loss of vision is very unusual, but some patients could require corneal surgery or hard contact lenses to restore vision. Most of these complications may be prevented by a thorough pre-operative examination of the prospective patients which we religiously perform at our center.
The specialists at Shekar Eye Hospital will test your eyes completely using the best-in-class eye equipment and suggest a treatment that suits you the best. We have performed LASIK treatment for many patients in Bangalore and other parts of India.
Keratoconus, or "conical cornea" (from kerato- cornea and conus cone), is a degenerative non-inflammatory disorder of the eye in which the cornea thins and changes shape to become more conical than its normal parabolic curve.
At Shekar Eye Hospital, with new advances in ophthalmology, for keratoconus newer treatment modalities are provided:
Both C3R and ICL implants are done regularly at Shekar Eye Hospital by our Cornea specialists.
#633, 100 Feet Ring Road,
J.P. Nagar – 3rd Phase,
Bengaluru – 560 078.
#27, 100 Feet Ashoka Pillar Road,
Jayanagar, 2nd Block