Glaucoma is the name for a group of eye conditions in which the optic nerve (the nerve at the back of the eye) is damaged, often in association with raised pressure within the eye. This leads to a reduction in the field of vision and in the ability to see clearly. In most cases glaucoma sufferers will experience no symptoms until significant damage has occurred.
Most of the time, the first sign of glaucoma is minor loss or decrease of field of vision. Many forms of glaucoma progress slowly, and most people with glaucoma do not notice any symptoms until they have suffered significant loss of vision. Some people with acute glaucoma, however, may experience a sudden onset of pain, nausea, blurred vision or sensitivity to light, or they will begin seeing haloes around lights.
If you're over the age of 60 years, diabetic or have a family member with glaucoma, you are at a higher risk for glaucoma than others.
Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is the most common form of glaucoma. The other types are: normal-tension, narrow-angle, closed-angle, congenital, pigmentary and secondary glaucoma.
The earlier glaucoma is diagnosed, the greater the chances of success in preventing visual loss. Assessment for glaucoma is easily carried out in the clinic and is painless. It includes the measurement of eyeball pressure, optic nerve examination, an assessment of the fluid drainage channels of the eyeball, and a test to chart the area of the vision that each eye can see.
There is no 100% cure for glaucoma, but it can usually be controlled if it is caught early enough. There are several ways to treat the disease, and the best approach depends on what type the patient has and how advanced it is. Treatments include medications for lowering eye pressure, laser surgery, and conventional surgery.
Means of preventing glaucoma is not yet known, though research suggests that avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol, eating a healthy diet, keeping your weight down, exercise and periodical check-ups reduce the chances.
Shekar Eye Hospital leverages the most-recent technology developments across the world to offer glaucoma treatment in Bangalore. We have doctors who are experts in treating varying levels of glaucoma.
#633, 100 Feet Ring Road,
J.P. Nagar – 3rd Phase,
Bengaluru – 560 078.
#27, 100 Feet Ashoka Pillar Road,
Jayanagar, 2nd Block