General Eye Care

General Eye Care

GENERAL EYE CARE INFORMATION

How to Clean the Eye:

1.First, wash your hands with soap and water.

2.Use a cotton ball to clean your eye.

3.Pour the eye wash solution on the cotton ball. Alternatively, you can boil the cotton balls in water and use them after they have cooled down.

4. Wipe your eye gently from the inside (near your nose)out (toward your ears).

5. Don’t use the same cotton ball more than once.

Never share your medications with anyone. Keep all medication (eye and others) out of reach of children.

6. Don’t let your children play with medicine bottles.

7. When you open a bottle, do so by keeping the nozzle a little away from your face and eyes.

8. Do not let your children handle glass bottles.

9. Put bottles in the fridge, not in the freezer.

10. Choose safe toys for your children, which suit their age. Avoid buying darting toys and toys with sharp edges such as bow and arrow, which may hit or injure the eye from a distance.

11. Watch your children while at play, and teach them safe activities. Stone throwing during the play causes severe injuries, which should be avoided.

12. Keep daily use items like detergents, disinfectants and chemicals in a safe place and out of children’s reach.

13. Don’t allow your children to play with fireworks, which are dangerous. Have a close supervision during festivals like Diwali. Always keep a bucket of water nearby while bursting crackers.

14. Keep children away from kitchenware which could harm them. Knives, scissors, etc should be kept in a safe, closed place.

15. Teach your children how to protect their eyes by wearing sunglasses whenever they are out. You should also prevent them from looking directly at the sun.

16. Don’t allow your children to use laser pens.

Prevention is the best way to protectyour children’s sight.

HEALTHY FOOD FOR HEALTHY EYES

Antioxidants in Health

What are they ? Antioxidants are naturally occurring compounds that can protect the body from harmful free

radicals, sweeping them up, before they can cause damage.

Many experts believe free radical damage is one of the most prominent causes of diseases such as, heart disease, cancer and many other diseases.

Eye disease is no exception:

research suggests that certain antioxidants can reduce the risk of cataracts, macular degeneration and others.

Where do I get my antioxidants from?

Vitamin E, C and A are some of the vitamins which act as antioxidants. Tomatoes, broccoli,cauliflower, peppers, red grapes, garlic, spinach, tea, carrot, soy, whole grains ...are all excellent choices. The key is to focus on eating those fruits and vegetables that have rich hues of color. These are high in what are known as phytonutrients.

Vitamin A and Eye Sight, How does vitamin A help your eyes?.

The photosensitive compound in the retina is a protein called ‘Rhodopsin’ to which vitamin A is present. This complex plays the important role in light perception and thus in the Vision. Vitamin A aids in maintaining good night vision and day-to-day vision.. The earliest symptoms of vitamin A deficiency is night blindness.

Where do I get my vitamin A from?

Carrots have beta-carotene, which our body converts into vitamin A. Beta-carotene comes from green leafy vegetables and intensely colored fruits and vegetables Take care of your eyes for the ‘eye’ totake care of you.

Amino acids in Eye care

How does amino acids help your eyes?

People with diabetes are under high risk, for the complication of the eyes namely

  • i) Diabetic retinopathy
  • ii) Cataract.

Where do I get my amino acids from?

Include nuts(peanuts), seeds, pulses, soya products, cereals (wheat, oats, and rice), eggs and some dairy products (milk, cheese and yoghurt) – a combination of many of these in your every day food.

Green leafy vegetables & Eye How does green leafy vegetables help youreyes?

Green leafy vegetables are rich in vitamins A, C and many are good sources of Iron and Calcium as well. Antioxidants rich in the green leafy vegetable are recognized as a key factors in maintaining the health of the macula. Ensure variety in your every day sources of the green leafy vegetables, but don’t overcook them!

Take protein-diets of good quality andquantity every day, help your eyes maintain good health!

How to Use Eye Drops and Ointments:

1. Generally, you will find written guidelines for use of eye drops and ointments on the label of eye drops bottle or ointment tube.

2. Your medication should be used as directed by your physician. Do not attempt self medication. What is suitable for others may not be good for you. Always get the correct dosage and instructions from the doctor.

3. If the medication causes redness or swelling of the eyelids or severe itching, please notify your doctor immediately.

4. Take your medications with you whenever you travel.

5. Ensure that the eye drop is instilled into the eye

How to Place Drops in the Eye:

1.Wash your hands with soap and water.

2. Clean your eye(s).

3. Shake the bottle vigorously.

4. Tilt head back and look upward.

5. Gently pull the lower lid away from the eye, forming a pocket.

6. If a dropper is supplied, hold the dropper tip down to prevent the drops from flowing back into the bulb and becoming contaminated. Never rinse the dropper.

7. Replace the cap or dropper on the bottle and tighten.

8. Gently close eye and lightly press your finger against the inner corner, near the nose for a short period.

9. Never use eye drops that have changed color.

10. If you are using more than one kind of drop at the same time, wait at least five minutes before use of other drops.

11. Store medication in a cool place or refrigerator if indicated on label.

How to Apply an Ointment to the Eye:

1. Wash your hands with soap and water.

2. Clean your eye(s).

3.To improve the flow of the ointment, hold tube in hand for several minutes to warm before use.

4. Look forward and gently pull the lower lid away from the eye forming a pocket.

5.Place about a cm of ointment into the pouch. Be careful not to touch the eye or eyelid with the tip of the ointment tube.

6. Close eye gently and roll eye in all directions keeping the eye closed. Temporary blurring may occur.

7. If you are using more than one kind of ointment at the same time, wait about 10 minutes before use of another ointment.

8. Store medication in a cool place or refrigerator if so indicated on the label.

Follow directions carefully concerning dose andduration of use.

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