What are the signs and symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy ?


A majority of the people suffering from diabetes are at a risk of vision loss because they do not know that they have the disease.

Eye Care for Diabetics

The most important point is that even in advanced cases, the disease may progress a long way without symptoms; hence, regular dilated eye examinations for people with diabetes are very important.

Detection and Diagnosis

Diabetic patients require routine eye examinations so that related eye problems can be detected and treated as early as possible. Neglecting this may cause serious eye problems.

Treatment options for diabetics

Diet, exercise and special medication are the best ways to control diabetes. With so much advancement in the field of medicine, diabetes related visual loss due to diabetic retinopathy could be treated with laser photocoagulation before any visual loss occurs.

Prevention is better than cure !

Only a minute percentage of diabetics get their eyes checked regularly by an ophthalmologist. Early detection of diabetes goes a long way in preventing any damage to the eyes. Vision may not change until the disease becomes severe, nor is there any pain. Regular eye examinations are vital in monitoring any changes in the eye. An ophthalmologist can detect these changes by conducting a detailed examination and diabetic eye diseases can be prevented.

In the early stages of diabetic retinopathy, bleeding and leakage of fatty deposits from the blood vessels in the retina causes the retina to swell, which can result in blurred vision. In early disease, vision might be slightly blurred, later the symptoms may worsen. Eg: Sometimes a patient may present with sudden fall of vision due to bleeding into the eye or retinal detachment.

In more advanced diabetic retinopathy, abnormal blood vessels begin to grow along the surface of the retina and out into the vitreous gel inside the eye. These new vessels are fragile and often begin to bleed, producing sudden, painless cloudy vision known as vitreous hemorrhage and further damage to the retina. New vessels also sometimes grow on the iris, blocking the normal drainage of the eye and causing increased eye pressure and eventually glaucoma.

Headache Clinic Retina & Vitreous

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a disorder of the retinal blood vessels resulting from diabetes mellitus. The incidence of diabetic retinopathy increases with the duration of diabetes. About 90% of patients having diabetes for 15 years or more will have some blood vessel damage in their eyes and a percentage of these are at risk of developing blindness.

As the child does not complain of any poor vision, the tumor may remain undetected. The most common way of presentation is a white reflex (leukocoria) behind the pupil. This is sometimes called the cat's eye reflex. There may be other causes of this white reflex as well, but an evaluation by an ophthalmologist is a must in all these children to rule out the possibility of this serious and potentially life threatening disease. Other signs might be deviation of the eye, redness, and pain.

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